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What do single woman who live in the czech republic do at christmas every year

During the evening of the 5th December St. Nicholas Eve , children are very excited and watch for St. He normally is accompanied by one or more angels and one or more devils. He asks the children if they've been good all year and also asks them to sing a song or recite a poem, and gives them a basket of presents, often containing chocolate and fruit. If you've been naughty, the devil might give you a lump of coal.

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Customs & Traditions

Northern Moravia includes Silesia Slezsko , a historical region that lies mostly in southwestern Poland. The historical and geographic term "Bohemian" is misleading, as it not only excludes Czech-speaking Moravians but includes members of several ethnic minorities that live in Bohemia but do not speak Czech. Location and Geography. The area of the Czech Republic is 30, square miles 78, square kilometers , with Bohemia being twice as large as Moravia.

The republic is bounded by Poland on the north, Germany on the northwest and southwest, Austria on the south, and the Slovak Republic on the east. Bohemia is ringed by low mountain ranges. Moravia's dominant geographic feature is the basin of the Morava River, which empties into the Danube west of Bratislava, the capital of the Slovak Republic.

The population of the Czech Republic in was about Other ethnic minorities are numerically insignificant. For example, the Jewish population is probably no more than 12, because over 80, Jews died in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.

The border regions, which began to be inhabited by many German-speaking people in the second half of the twelfth century, were resettled after World War II by Czechs after nearly three million Bohemian and Moravian Germans were expelled or chose to leave. Linguistic Affiliation. It is mutually intelligible with Slovak. Spoken Czech has several regional dialects. The differences among those dialects mainly involve the pronunciation of vowels and the names of local or regional dishes, plants, and costumes.

Czech was one of the Slavic languages at least as early as the ninth century, the time of the Great Moravian Czech Republic Empire. The oldest Czech literary monuments go back to the second half of the thirteenth century. The official state symbols are the national anthem, flag, and coat of arms. The first stanza extols the beauty of the countryside, and the second the nobility of the Czech people.

In , when the Austro-Hungarian Empire disintegrated and the Czechs and Slovaks were given a country of their own, this gentle song became one of the two national anthems of Czechoslovakia, along with the Slovak national anthem. The Czech flag consists of a lower red field and an upper white field with a blue wedge reaching from the flagpole side of the flag to its center.

There are two coats of arms. The central feature on the small coat of arms is a split-tailed lion wearing a crown. The large coat of arms makes pictorial references to Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia.

Several historical personalities have special meaning for Czechs. Wenceslas has been revered as a saint since the second half of the tenth century and as a patron and protector of the country and a symbol of statehood since the eleventh century. The Hussite movement, originally religious and nationalist, culminated in when the Hussite forces defeated several armies sent to Bohemia by the pope to put an end to reformational ideology.

A compromise between the Hussites and the Catholic Church was not reached until A religious reformer, Comenius also was a scientist and a founder of modern pedagogy and is referred to as the "teacher of nations. When Comenius went into permanent exile in , a number of European countries invited him for extended visits. He died in the Netherlands, where he is buried. During the religious conflicts of the Thirty Years War — , Comenius proposed the establishment of an ecumenical council of churches and an international academy of scientists.

Among his writings were a seven-volume manuscript with recommendations for the improvement of human affairs and a textbook with illustrations Orbis pictus [] that is said to be the first such textbook.

Comenius was a revered figure throughout the Western world. He was even offered the presidency of the very young Harvard College but refused, preferring to remain in Europe, because he hoped he could eventually return to his native Moravia. The theater was opened in but was destroyed by fire later that year. Restored and reopened in , it continues to be one of Prague's landmarks. As punishment for the assassination of the Nazi deputy administrator of Bohemia and Moravia, Reinhard Heydrich, on 10 June , the village was razed, with all of Lidice's men shot and women and most of the children sent to concentration camps.

After the war, a new village was built nearby and the tragedy was commemorated by a monument and a memorial rose garden. Several communities in the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Australia, and elsewhere were named Lidice in memory of the innocent people who lost their lives.

The novel has been translated into many languages, filmed several times, adapted for theatrical presentations, and made into an opera. Emergence of the Nation. The first ethnically identifiable inhabitants of the area, a Celtic people, lived there from the fourth century B. They were followed by a Germanic people who left during the so-called migration of nations in the fifth century. Slavic-speaking groups made the area their homeland no later than the sixth century.

Among them were the Czechs in central Bohemia and the Moravians along the Morava and Dyje rivers to the east. The crowning of the first Bohemian king took place in , and the first university in central Europe was founded in Prague in The Bohemian kingdom lost its independence, and its provinces were declared the hereditary property of the Hapsburgs. Forcible re-Catholization of a people who from the beginning of the fifteenth century had been influenced by the reformist teachings of Jan Hus resulted in a wholesale emigration that, together with epidemics of plague and other diseases, reduced the population of Bohemia by about one-half and that of Moravia by one-fourth.

A period referred to as "the darkness" temno lasted until the end of the eighteenth century, when the Czech national revival—the formation of the modern Czech nation—began. National Identity. West Slavic tribes inhabiting the Bohemian territory gradually were united by the politically dominant Czechs and came under their leadership by the ninth century.

Moravian tribes were united even earlier than those of Bohemia. The ethnic badge of all these groups consisted of the various dialects of the Czech language. Ethnic Relations. Until the end of the twelfth century, the population was almost exclusively Czech-speaking. Over the next two centuries, its makeup underwent a change. Large numbers of German colonists settled in Bohemian cities and rural areas, some of which subsequently became completely Germanized.

Population statistics for Bohemia in gave the ratio of Czechs to Germans as 60 to The historical territory of the Bohemian state did not become more Germanized over the centuries because of the anti-German feelings of the Czechs. Most Jews did not survive the war, and after the war, settlers of Czech origin arrived from Romania, Yugoslavia, and Volhynia in the Soviet Union. By , about 95 percent of all Czechoslovak citizens of German nationality had left. Until , the relationship between the two groups was asymmetrical: Slovakia was considered an agrarian appendage to the highly industrial Czech nation, and the Czechs viewed Slovak culture as lacking in maturity and refinement.

Even though the Czech and Slovak languages are closely related and mutually intelligible, many Czechs viewed Slovak as a caricature of Czech. The peaceful separation of Czechs and Slovaks into two independent countries on 1 January was largely a consequence of the paternalistic attitude of the Czechs toward the Slovaks and the desire of the Slovaks to assert their ethnic identity through political independence.

There has always been a special relationship between Czechs and the United States. The Austrian Empire, of which Bohemia and Moravia were a part from to , was one of the most densely populated areas of Europe when the empire began to experience a rapid increase in population growth around the middle of the nineteenth century. Population pressures soon forced many Czechs to look for employment and a new life abroad.

Lower Austria and the United States were the countries to which most of these people migrated. The places in the United States to which Czech immigrants were drawn included not only large cities but also rural areas, especially in the prairie states of the Mississippi Valley as well as Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas.

In the early s, about 1. The Czech Republic is a fairly densely populated country, with about persons per square mile. The highest population density is in metropolitan Prague Praha , which has 1. Seven cities have populations just below or above , Overall, about 65 percent of the Czech people live in cities or towns of 5, or more.

The tendency of Czechs to move from rural areas to cities predates the founding of the nation in As a consequence, Prague has continued to grow steadily even though the national population is virtually stationary. The result is a tight housing market despite the constant construction of monotonous blocks of prefabricated multistory apartment houses on the outskirts of the city.

These new districts stand in sharp contrast to the historic parts of Prague with their great variety of architectural styles. Some of the city's monumental but stylistically restrained buildings date from the last third of the nineteenth century National Theater, National Museum, and the Rudolfinum concert hall and the first third of the twentieth Municipal House, with a concert hall and restaurants, and the ministries in central Prague along the Vltava.

The Czech Republic is essentially a country of small cities and towns. However, there have always been hundreds of small villages in the countryside, frequently only a few miles apart. In the past several decades, there has been a tendency to consolidate them administratively. The rooms of Czech apartments and family houses are small, and bedrooms, which usually have no closets, are made smaller by the use of wardrobes.

Family houses are constructed of cinder block or brick rather than wood. Astronomical clock on Old Town Hall. Food in Daily Life. The traditional Czech diet may be considered heavy, with an emphasis on meat, potatoes, and dumplings and the use of substantial amounts of animal fats, butter, and cream.

Soups are an important part of the noon meal. Potato and tripe soup are favorites, as well as beef or chicken broth with tiny liver or marrow dumplings. The most commonly used vegetables are carrots, peas, and cabbage. Salads were eaten only seasonally until recent years.

Czechs have always enjoyed sweets. The most common are fruit dumplings made with plums or, in winter, preserved apricots served with grated farmer cheese and bread crumbs browned in butter, with sugar sprinkled on top.

Dumplings often are served as a meal. Popular sweet baked goods include buchty sing. The national beverage is beer pivo ; some good domestic wines are produced in Moravia. The domestic plum brandy is called slivovice slivovitz. Especially during the past ten to twenty years, marked changes have occurred in the Czech diet.

Observance of Christmas by country

This article is about the culture of the Czech Republic. Czech people celebrate Christmas every year, beginning with a dinner on December The table is set for exactly how many people are going to dine, but there is also a tradition, that you should set one more place, in case a stranger arrives. The traditional dinner usually includes a potato salad and a carp fish , but many people replace it with a chicken or pork snitzel.

No matter how much I was travelling before, and all the knowledge and experience I had accumulated on intercultural learning, culture shock and stuff like that, the fact of actually moving to Prague, Czech Republic in still hit me like a truckload of bricks. Still, at times it may be hard.

The observance of Christmas around the world varies by country. The day of Christmas, and in some cases the day before and the day after , are recognized by many national governments and cultures worldwide, including in areas where Christianity is a minority religion. In some non-Christian areas, periods of former colonial rule introduced the celebration e. Hong Kong ; in others, Christian minorities or foreign cultural influences have led populations to observe the holiday. Christmas traditions for many nations include the installing and lighting of Christmas trees , the hanging of Advent wreaths , Christmas stockings , candy canes , setting out cookies and milk, and the creation of Nativity scenes depicting the birth of Jesus Christ.

Czech Republic

It's almost Christmas, and according to some people, it's "the most wonderful time of the year. But, why is that? Because we cover our trees with spider webs and go to church in roller blades? Or, maybe because we eat caterpillars and KFC? Wait, no? Well, that's what tradition calls for in some countries. You know how people hate being single on the holidays? Well, single Czech women are no different.

Culture of the Czech Republic

Czech folklore is rich in customs and superstitions and there are hundreds of those related to Christmas. The purpose of many of them is to find out what the coming year has in store for the family. Christmas Dinner Customs. Czech Christmas dinner December 24 is connected with a great number of different customs, rules and superstitions. Very few of them are still observed today, and for good reason.

This fully updated and revised biographical reference source provides the latest information on the lives and achievements of the leading people within the popular music industry.

William D. Crump McFarland , M09 4 - pages 7 Reviews This considerably expanded third edition of The Christmas Encyclopedia adds new entries, bringing the total number of Christmas topics to more than Continuing in the format of the previous editions, a wide variety of subjects are included: individual carols and songs; historical events at Christmastime; popular Christmas symbols; Christmas plants, place names, and stamps; and celebrations in countries around the world, including the origins of some of the most cherished traditions in the United States. Unique to this work is its emphasis on Christmas as depicted in the popular media, with entries covering literary works such as Call Me Mrs.

The Czech Easter tradition of whipping girls

Will you sink beneath the waves, or ride the winds of the Spirit? An array of cultural forces is coming together to present the church with unprecedented challenge and unequaled opportunity. Like the disciples when Jesus calmed the storm, the church can cower and cry out for relief. Or, when everything is spinning and whirling in the wind, the church can go out to meet the storm, embrace the gale,.

In two parts we would like to introduce you to some basic Czech traditions and customs that are often older than the oldest written records. Cyril and Methodius years ago, the pagan roots of celebrating the winter solstice are still especially evident in traditional folk customs. Since the 11th century, Advent has been the preparation for the Christmas season and begins four weeks before Christmas Eve. The most important day of the week is always the Sunday of Advent , when the lighting of all four candles on the Advent wreath begins. In the days of old, Advent was connected to popular folk customs during Lent.

10 Czech Christmas Traditions

Christmas market shutterstock 2. Christmas Carp shutterstock 3. Loreta Prague Shutterstock 4. At Christmas, Czechs traditionally serve carp for dinner and keep some of its scales in their wallets for good financial luck, girls throw their shoes, and many other unusual customs are followed. Everything has its meaning in the Advent period. Here you can read more about Czech Christmas customs. Carp in the bathtub, for dinner and even in the wallet Czechs traditionally serve carp with potato salad for Christmas dinner. It was not before the 19 th century that carp made its way onto Czech Christmas tables, but it has been an indispensable symbol of Czech Christmas ever since.

Just before Christmas 19 92, “Grandfather Bozic'njak” appeared on the public scene, Bozicnjak does not describe a specific being but instead refers to a decorated and the one finding the hidden coin will have good luck in the new year. See also Advent; Czech Republic; Epiphany; Poland; Slovak Republic; mcbadcreative.comm D. Crump - - ‎Religion.

A number of countries worldwide celebrate name days based on a calendar with names assigned to each day of the year. Most of the names originate from the saints of the Catholic or Orthodox churches. Traditionally, all children are given a name from the name day calendar and this custom continues into modern times.

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Northern Moravia includes Silesia Slezsko , a historical region that lies mostly in southwestern Poland. The historical and geographic term "Bohemian" is misleading, as it not only excludes Czech-speaking Moravians but includes members of several ethnic minorities that live in Bohemia but do not speak Czech. Location and Geography. The area of the Czech Republic is 30, square miles 78, square kilometers , with Bohemia being twice as large as Moravia.

The traditional Czech Christmas meal consists of fried carp. In recent years, a lot of families have changed the tradition to avoid animal cruelty — they still buy the carp but on Christmas Eve, they release it into a river rather than eating it. Potato salad and soups are also a big part of Christmas celebrations, which mainly happen on the night of the 24th.

Some of them are rather weird, mysterious or heartless, some were forgotten but a few one can still witness during Christmas time in a Czech home.

Nicholas, Christmas, and New Years celebrations. So, how do the Czechs celebrate the most wonderful time of the year? They indulge in warm wine, delicious foods, cakes and cookies, Christmas carols, and unique superstitions. Christmas season in the Czech Republic starts with St.

Jump to navigation. Evolving from over two millennia into a worldwide religious and secular celebration, Christmas is truly a global festival. Plenty around the world wait for the festivities to celebrate the holiday season with their near and dear ones. While picking up and decorating Christmas trees, dressing up in red and white, and planning Christmas dinners is the norm during the holiday season, there are some traditions and rituals being followed in many parts of the world which are unheard of. For example, besides the delicious Christmas dinner and related festivities, woman in Czech Republic believe in a certain superstition.

In the Czech Republic, the Christmas season is a big deal. The country has a storied history filled with annual traditions that may seem a bit unusual to tourists. As locals typically spend Christmas Eve and Christmas Day at home with the family, an explanation of the seasonal customs provides an insider look for visitors.

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